UNICEF Mali Humanitarian Situation Report n ° 4 – April 1-30, 2021 – Mali
Steady increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) following insecurity in Mali; the country has 372,266 displaced persons of which 63% are children.
1,533 schools have been closed since November 2020 mainly due to insecurity affecting 459,900 children and 9,198 teachers in the regions of Ségou, Mopti, Douentza, Gao, Ménaka, Tombouctou, Kidal, and Koulikoro, Sikasso.
13,727 children and adolescents received psychosocial support in April thanks to support from UNICEF.
UNICEF provided short-term emergency distribution of household water treatment and hygiene kits as well as sustainable water supply services to 184,942 people (180,942 for temporary access and 4 000 for sustainable access) in the regions of Bamako, Sikasso, Mopti, Gao, Tombouctou and Ménaka.
Funding overview and partnerships
In 2021, UNICEF is appealing for $ 119.1 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children caused by conflict or natural disasters while facilitating access to quality basic social services for populations affected by the crisis in the north and center of the country.
As of April 30, 2021, a total of $ 47,261,802, including $ 21,848,164 in carry-over, was available, which represents 40% of the overall call. Of this amount, $ 26.9 million from Canada, Germany, the Canadian Committee of UNICEF in Denmark, GAVI, the Global Partnership for Education, Education Can’t Wait, USAID, ECHO and the Humanitarian Response Thematic Fund have been specifically dedicated to responding to the Covid-19 pandemic.
The HAC 2021 has a funding gap of 56%, far from covering the needs especially in the sectors Health, WASH, social inclusion and Nutrition, which remain the most underfunded sectors with respectively 28; 33; 40 and 43 percent of funds received. Overall, the governments of the United States (USAID-OFDA), Spain, the Czech Republic, Sweden, Romania, Denmark, Austria, Canada, United States (State), Switzerland (Swiss Development Agency), Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom (DFID), the Spanish, German and Norwegian Committees for UNICEF, UNICEF-China, SIDA, European Commission / ECHO, USAID / Food for Peace, Education Cannot Wait Fund, GAVI / The Vaccine Alliance Global, have generously contributed to UNICEF Mali Humanitarian Response.
UNICEF expresses its deep and sincere gratitude to all public and private donors for the contributions received.
Situation overview and humanitarian needs
The socio-political situation in Mali is still volatile with the impact of the coup d’état of August 18, 2020 combined with socio-professional union protests. The humanitarian situation in the country remains complex and is deteriorating day by day despite the constant efforts of humanitarian actors.
After the northern and central regions, insecurity has also spread to parts of the southern and western regions, with a negative impact on the already complex and fragile humanitarian situation.
The security situation continues to be marked by the presence of non-state armed groups along the three borders of Liptako Gourma (Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger), recurrent inter-community conflicts, the presence of improvised explosive devices and attacks against international armed forces and humanitarian organizations.
As of April 30, there were 372,266 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the country (DNDS-DTM Mali), of which 63% were children. Over the past three years, the number of internally displaced people has increased from 50,311 in April 2018 to 372,266 in April 2021.
Based on the HNO / HRP 2021, 11.7 million people are affected by multiple crises, of which 5.9 million are in need of humanitarian assistance. Women, children, the elderly and the disabled represent 51%, 54.2%, 3.38% and 15% respectively. The majority of the needy live in the central regions (Mopti 1.6 million and Ségou 1.2 million), the northern regions (Timbuktu 1.1 million; Gao 600,000; Kidal 70,000).
The conflict and the Covid-19 pandemic continued to negatively affect the rights and well-being of children and increase their vulnerability and protection risks. Insecurity in the central and northern regions has been accompanied by violations of the rights of individuals, especially children, through recruitment by armed groups and forces, gender-based violence and family separation.
Based on the Governmental Covid-19 SitRep N ° 151 (April 25, 2021), 13,627 cases of Covid-19 were recorded – in 15 out of 20 regions as well as in the district of Bamako – including 467 deaths for a case fatality rate overall of 3.4%, which is almost three times higher than the average CFR in WCAR (1.44%). As of April 30, 62,742 people have been vaccinated in vaccination centers with the Covid-19 vaccine (AstraZeneca) as part of the COVAX initiative with technical and financial support from UNICEF.