Report on the humanitarian situation of UNICEF in Mali n ° 3: March 2021 – Mali
The third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic increased in March in Mali with an average of 630 cases per week. The country has received 396,000 doses of AstraZeneca vaccine as part of the COVAX initiative. The Covid-19 vaccination campaign was launched on March 31.
1,344 schools are not operational in the country due to the insecurity which affects 403,200 children. 24,756 children (12,745 girls) accessed formal or non-formal education, including 304 children (166 girls) who had access to early learning in the regions of Mopti, Ségou, San, Bandiagara, Tombouctou, Taoudenit and Gao
25,375 severely malnourished children were treated, including 8,105 new cases (4,377 girls and 3,728 boys) in March.
In March 2021, 176,766 people received home water treatment and hygiene kits as part of the temporary emergency response in the regions of Bamako, Sikasso, Mopti, Gao, Timbuktu and Menaka.
9,694 children have benefited from psychosocial support since January 2021, including 3,352 children (1,635 girls and 1,717 boys) reached in March.
Funding overview and partnerships
In 2021, UNICEF is appealing for $ 108.3 million to meet the humanitarian needs of children caused by conflict or natural disasters while facilitating access to quality basic social services for populations affected by crises in the north and center of the country. As of March 31, 2021, a total of $ 43,886,558, including $ 21,848,164 of deferral, was available, or 41% of the overall call. Of this amount, $ 26.9 million was specifically devoted to the response to the Covid-19 pandemic ($ 15.5 million from Canada, $ 8.2 from Germany, $ 1.3 million from Canadian Committee of UNICEF, $ 1.3 million from Canadian National Committee; $ 1.07 million from Denmark; 0.3 million from GAVI and the remainder from Global Partnership for Education, Education Cannot Wait, USAID , ECHO and the Thematic Humanitarian Response Fund.
The HAC 2021 has a financing gap of 59%, and therefore far from covering the needs especially in the sectors of Health, WASH, Nutrition and social inclusion, which remain the most underfunded sectors with respectively 10; 33, 35 and 40% of funds received. Overall, the governments of the United States (USAID-OFDA), Spain, the Czech Republic, Sweden, Romania, Denmark, Austria, Canada, United States (State), Switzerland (Swiss Development Agency), Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom (DFID), the Spanish, German and Norwegian committees for UNICEF, UNICEF-China, SIDA, European Commission / ECHO, USAID / Food for Peace, Education Cannot Wait Fund, GAVI / The Vaccine Alliance Global, have generously contributed to UNICEF Mali Humanitarian Response. UNICEF expresses its deep and sincere gratitude to all public and private donors for the contributions received.
Situation overview and humanitarian needs
The socio-political situation in Mali, although relatively calm, remains unstable. The transitional institutions that resulted from the coup of August 18, 2020 continue to operate amid socio-professional protests from unions. The humanitarian situation in Mali continues to worsen despite the constant efforts of humanitarian actors.
From the northern and central regions, insecurity gradually spread to most of the southern regions, exacerbating the already complex and fragile humanitarian situation. The security situation is marked by the presence of non-state armed groups along the three borders of Liptako Gourma (Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger), recurrent inter-community conflicts, the presence of improvised explosive devices and attacks against international armed forces. and humanitarian organizations.
As of March 31, the country had 346,864 internally displaced persons, of which 61% were children. Over the past four years, the number of displaced children has increased from 26,665 in 2018 to 211,587 in 2021.
Based on the HNO / HRP 2021, 11.7 million people are affected by multiple crises, of which 5.9 million require humanitarian assistance. Women, children, the elderly and the disabled represent 51%; 54.2%; 3.38%; and 15%, respectively. The majority of people in need live in the central regions (Mopti 1.6 million and Segou 1.2 million), the northern regions (Tombouctou 1.1 million; Gao 600,000; Kidal 70,000). Conflicts and the Covid-19 pandemic continued to negatively affect the rights and well-being of children and increase their vulnerability and protection risks. Insecurity in the central and northern regions has been accompanied by violations of the rights of individuals, especially children – victims of recruitment by armed groups and forces, gender-based violence and separation from the family.
The country recorded the third peak of the epidemic curve of Covid-19 in March 2021. Based on SitRepN ° 148, 10,501 cases of Covid-19 have been recorded, including 392 deaths, for an overall case fatality rate of 3 , 7% in 15 regions (out of 20) as well as in the district of Bamako. Mali received the first batch of 396,000 doses of AstraZeneca vaccine under the COVAX initiative with technical and financial support from UNICEF. The Covid-19 vaccination campaign was launched on Wednesday March 31, 2021.